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Understanding Title Insurance and Its Importance in Real Estate Transactions

Title insurance is a critical component of residential and commercial real estate transactions, providing valuable protection for property buyers, lenders, and owners in North and South Carolina. As seasoned attorneys in real estate law, the Steltzner Law Firm, LLC, understands the nuances of title insurance and offers expert guidance to clients in managing the associated risks and maximizing property investments. This blog post aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of title insurance, its purpose, different types of policies, and the significance of seeking professional legal counsel to ensure a seamless real estate transaction.

Title insurance is designed to protect property buyers and mortgage lenders from potential title defects, liens, or encumbrances that could affect ownership rights or diminish a property’s value. Unlike other forms of insurance, title insurance ensures against occurrences that took place before the policy’s effective date, providing coverage for hidden risks that may not surface until after the transaction’s completion. With such protection, property buyers can confidently invest in real estate transactions and safeguard their interests, while lenders can secure their financial investments with minimized risk.

In this informative guide, we will explore the key aspects of title insurance, including the fundamental differences between lender’s title insurance and owner’s title insurance policies, the process of title search and examination, and the importance of engaging a knowledgeable real estate attorney for smooth and successful transactions. Delving into the intricacies of title insurance, we aim to equip property buyers and lenders with the understanding needed to navigate North and South Carolina’s real estate landscape confidently.

Types of Title Insurance Policies

There are two primary types of title insurance policies to protect the respective interests of property buyers and mortgage lenders:

  1. Owner’s Title Insurance: This policy safeguards the property buyer’s ownership rights, providing coverage against title defects that may affect the value or ownership of the property. Examples of such defects include outstanding liens, unrecorded easements, boundary disputes, and fraud. Owner’s title insurance is a one-time, upfront payment and remains in effect for the duration of the buyer’s ownership.
  2. Lender’s Title Insurance: This policy is required by most mortgage lenders to protect their financial investments in the property. The lender’s title insurance covers the lender’s interest in the property up to the outstanding loan balance, providing protection against title defects that could affect its collateral value. Typically, the cost of the lender’s title insurance is included in the closing costs and is paid by the buyer or seller, depending on local customs and agreement terms.

Title Search and Examination

As part of the title insurance process, a title search and examination are conducted to identify and mitigate potential title defects or risks:

  1. Public Records Search: A thorough search of public records is conducted to uncover any title defects or encumbrances affecting the property. Examples of records searched include property deeds, mortgages, liens, tax records, bankruptcy filings, and judgments.
  2. Title Examination: Once the public records search is completed, a title examiner carefully reviews the findings to identify any issues that need to be addressed before the transaction’s closing and issuance of the title insurance policy.
  3. Issue Resolution: If the title search and examination uncover title defects or encumbrances, the title insurance company or real estate attorney may work to resolve the issues, obtain necessary releases, or disclose the problems to the parties involved. In some instances, a title defect may necessitate renegotiating the transaction terms or canceling the purchase.

Importance of Real Estate Attorneys in the Title Insurance Process

Engaging an experienced real estate attorney plays a vital role in the successful navigation of the title insurance process:

  1. Legal Guidance: An attorney offers expert legal guidance on title insurance requirements, policy provisions, and potential risks, ensuring that clients understand the nuances of their coverage and protection options.
  2. Issue Resolution: Real estate attorneys are well-equipped to address title defects or encumbrances identified during the title search and examination, skillfully negotiating with relevant parties and facilitating the resolution of issues.
  3. Dispute Resolution: In the event that disputes arise related to property titles or transactions, a real estate attorney can represent clients in negotiations, mediation, or litigation, protecting their interests and securing a satisfactory outcome.
  4. Transaction Support: In addition to handling title insurance matters, real estate attorneys offer comprehensive support in other transaction aspects, including contract review, negotiation, and closing services – ensuring a smooth and efficient property transfer.

Tips for Ensuring a Smooth Title Insurance Process

  1. Engage a Reputed Title Insurance Company: Choose a reputable title insurance company that has extensive experience handling real estate transactions in your local market, ensuring that the title search and examination process is thorough and accurate.
  2. Utilize Professional Legal Counsel: Enlisting the services of an experienced real estate attorney can help mitigate potential risks and efficiently address title defects or issues that may arise during the title insurance process.
  3. Review Closing Documents: Carefully review all closing documents, including the title commitment report and the final title insurance policy, to ensure accuracy and comprehensive coverage against potential title defects.
  4. Maintain Records: Keep a secure and organized record of your title insurance policy and all supporting documentation, as these documents may become crucial in the event of title disputes or property ownership challenges that may surface in the future.


Title insurance plays a crucial role in protecting property buyers, lenders, and owners in North and South Carolina’s dynamic real estate market. By understanding the types of policies available, the title search and examination process, and the importance of engaging professional legal counsel, you can make informed decisions and safeguard your property investments. The comprehensive guidance provided by the Steltzner Law Firm LLC offers valuable support throughout the intricacies of title insurance and real estate transactions, empowering clients to navigate today’s competitive property landscape with ease and confidence.

Are you in need of legal services for your real estate transactions in North Carolina or South Carolina? Look no further than Steltzner Law Firm LLC, your trusted partner for all your title services and title insurance provisions.

Navigating the legal waters of real estate transactions can be hazardous, but our experienced title insurance attorneys in Rock Hill can help you every step of the way. We provide a wide range of transactional legal services to individuals, partnerships, corporations, private investors, and lending institutions, ensuring that your legal needs are met no matter your situation.

With a combined three decades of law firm and real estate closing experience, our team brings an in-depth understanding of your needs and strives to deliver the most cost-effective solutions to your legal problems. We pride ourselves on providing personalized attention and support to each of our clients, ensuring that you feel confident and informed throughout the legal process.

Don’t let legal issues hold you back from your real estate goals. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and take the first step toward a successful real estate transaction.